Foreach Loop In PHP: Definition, Functions & Uses

The most convenient way to iterate the array components is to use the foreach loop in PHP. It works on both arrays and artefacts. The foreach loop iterates over an array of entities; the implementation is simplified, and the loop is completed in a reasonable amount of time. It distributes transient memory for index iterations, effectively duplicating the robust system’s memory allocation.

foreach( $array as $element ) {

    // PHP Code to be executed


Definition, Functions, and Uses of Foreach Loop

This question is about how it works behind the scenes, so no answers along the lines of “this is how we loop an array with PHP foreach loop” are needed.

We assumed for a long time that foreach operated with the array itself. Then we came across some references to the fact that it operates for a replica of the array, and we thought that this was the end of the statement. However, I recently had a talk on the course about this, and after doing some analysis, learned that this was not entirely real. This question is about how it works behind the scenes, so no answers along the lines of “this is how we loop an array with PHP foreach loop” are needed.

Let us demonstrate what we mean. We’ll be assisting with the following collection with the following research cases:

$array = array(1, 2, 3, 4, 5);

foreach ($array as $item) { 

echo “$item\n”; $array[] = $item; }


/* Output in loop: 1 2 3 4 5 6 $array after loop: 1 2 3 4 5  1 2 3 4 5 */

This obviously indicates that we are not interacting with the source array in real time – on the contrary, the process will persist indefinitely if we were continuously moving items into the array during the loop. But, just to be sure, here’s what I found:

foreach ($array as $key => $item) {

  $array[$key + 1] = $item + 2;

  echo “$item\n”;



/* Output in loop: 2 3 4 5

   $array after loop: 3 4 5 6 7 8 */

This backs up our initial assumption that we’re working with a replica of the source array during the cycle. We will, on the other hand, remember the changed values during the cycle.

The following statement can be found in the guide:

The inner array pointer is immediately reset to the array’s original element when foreach first begins committing.

Straight- this tends to mean that foreach is aware of the source array’s array pointer. However, we’ve just shown that we’re not tinkering with the root array. Ok, not really.


foreach ($array as $item) { echo “$item\n”; 


var_dump(each($array)); /* Output array(4)

 { [1]=> int(1) 

[“value”]=> int(1) 

[0]=> int(0) 

[“key”]=> int(0) 


1 2 3 4 5 bool(false) */

It is also more difficult to iterate arrays and common objects. First and foremost, it should be noted that “arrays” are ordered dictionaries in PHP, and they will be spanned according to this law (which approximates the insertion order if you don’t use sort). This is in contrast to iterating using the keys’ regular order (which is how lists in multiple languages often work) or having no distinct order at all (how dictionaries in different languages continually work).

Object properties can be discerned as another (ordered) dictionary mapping property terms to their meanings, with some sight handling, demonstrating the similarities.


For looping over the values of an array in PHP, use the foreach loop. It loops around the array, assigning each new array element’s value to value and progressing the array pointer by one to the next element in the array.

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